While all other pages and posts on this website aim to be a factual,  accurate information on issues related to severe and complex youth mental health, this Blog page and the posts attached to it are opinions or comments from the editors of this site or invited guest contributors. Wherever possible, the name and/or the related interests/connections of the party posting will be provided. (Should a guest contributor wish to remain anonymous, a descriptor of their relationship to the issue will be provided.)



AUGUST 2, 2019 by editorsevereyouthmentalhealth

This isn’t a typical post for – not even for one of our BLOG posts. But so many important topics overflowed from these recent statements in relation to youth mental health issues that we just had to comment. The real problem was knowing where to start! But here we go …

Yesterday, Andrew Bolt, an Australian media commentator, wrote a column in the Herald Sun newspaper the subject of which was Greta Thunberg, a Swedish activist whose personal protest on climate change inaction grew into a worldwide phenomenon that she continues to lead. *

Click to enlarge in new window

As you’ll see by the areas highlighted by us above, he chose to make the mental health issues that Greta deals with the thrust of his story. He chose to refer to her as “deeply disturbed“, “strange” and “fragile“. So not only did Andrew Bolt deny the science of climate change about which Greta has proven to be so well-informed but he showed himself to be as ignorant as too many sadly are in relation to complex youth mental health issues.

There are many ways to respond.


This is how Greta Thunberg did it:


Our inclination is to list some key facts in order to directly address those affected by severe and complex youth mental health issues who may have read Mr Bolt’s column:

1. We are not our health issues. Our identity comes from many things with some of it becoming evident in the ways we choose to express our values. But who we truly are is not delineated by our liver function, by our malignant cells or by our mental health issues.

2. We cannot be defined by our chronological age. We can be shaped by our physical and cognitive development (which are result of our unique genetic make-up and experiences within the environment/s in which we have lived), by our interests and principles and abilities and … more. Our chronological age can be linked to a number of those things but the fact alone that we 16, 60 or 6 gives no indication of who a person is.

So – ‘The World’ will never see us as we truly and perfectly are – each human being is so many things making up a multi-faceted individual that even those close to us will never know us absolutely. 100%. And that’s OK. But we show aspects of ourselves through the words we choose to share (and who we choose share them with) and the actions that we take.

3. Our words and actions have implications for others. We can think only of ourselves and what suits our agenda or we can consider other people and how what we say and do will impact them.

4. The truth can hurt but there is no excuse for using misinformation to hurt.

5. We can choose to be negative or we can choose to be positive.

So – we can find ways to make things bad, we can criticise … we can create a persona that engenders fear from statements that aren’t true because, sadly, that can garner enough interest from a public so desperate to ensure they are prepared for the worst that advertisers will pay for your house and your boss’s mansion and his boss’s castle.
OR we can think about what we can do that could be useful, helpful, kind. To others and to ourselves. We can use positive words – encourage ourselves, compliment others, share inspiring/funny/exciting things, look for solutions to a problem. We can take positive actions – do a chore that isn’t yours to do, make someone laugh, find a productive way to make your voice heard on important issues, … and on a day you feel you can’t do anything at all, just try and do one thing and be proud that you did that.

Greta Thunberg is many things. 
Continuing to manage a number of health issues is not her identity but it shows that, with the right treatment and support, individuals can use their specific skills and passions and skills to find ways to learn and understand, to share knowledge, to inspire and energise others, to do something to try and help improve some part of living in the world.

So here’s our improvement on the headline for an article about what Greta Thunberg is doing:


You can be inspired.

But don’t forget that YOU CAN ALSO BE INSPIRING.

To try to achieve something positive when you have your own challenges is inspirational. It is brave. And strong. Whatever you are trying and whatever the outcome.

And to those who are yet to have a good understanding of the reality of severe and complex mental health issues, all of the above also applies.
It applies to us all.

(Especially me.)


Click to go to video

* If you want to find out more about Greta Thunberg’s work (beyond clicking on  the links in the 2nd para above), you can go to the following news reports:

Greta Thunberg: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know

School Strike for Climate: Meet 15-Year-Old Activist Greta Thunberg, Who Inspired a Global Movement

16-Year-Old Climate Activist Greta Thunberg Nominated For Nobel Peace Prize

and/or view her Tedx Talk by clicking on the image (above right)

A good source of summary information as well as questions and discussion points to engage students and others with news on global events is the edition relating to Greta of The New York Times’ “Learning with …” series.


Other BLOG POSTS can be found here
with NEWS POSTS on the homepage and
via the ‘Previous News’ menu on any page with a sidebar at the right



JUNE 13, 2017 by editorsevereyouthmentalhealth

The announcement of just under $70 million dollars to not only proceed with the establishment of the new extended treatment and rehabilitation facility at Chermside but to provide two new Step Up Step Down facilities and two new Day Programs to support young people with mental illness (online summary at the ABC website here) demonstrates the current government’s ongoing commitment to those who have been sadly overlooked in the past. Bi-partisan support for these positive moves would begin to ensure some long-needed stability and security for the futures of those in this most vulnerable of groups.

An adolescent extended treatment facility (AETF) fills a dangerous gap in service provision and Step Up Step Down and Day programs are vital in the full continuum of treatment and support options that are required to meet the needs of all young people with mental health issues. Extended inpatient treatment has proven essential for those young Queenslanders with severe and complex issues who have failed to make progress accessing community-based care and outpatient/intermediate care service options will contribute to both providing some young people with the help needed – if they are accessed in a timely way – to circumvent a stay in a residential facility AND for those for whom extended inpatient care is essential, they will ensure that transition from that environment is gradual and fully supported according to the individual needs of the young person. Those affected by youth mental health issues across Queensland will be hoping that these kinds of service options will become readily available across the state. As community-based care remains the optimal environment – when the circumstances are right – then all communities must have access to every level of treatment and support.

The plans for the new facilities and programs have come from the process that commenced following the government’s commitment to act on all the recommendations from Justice Margaret Wilson’s report following the BAC Commission of Inquiry. Queensland Health then undertook to utilise a “co-design” process i.e. where bureaucrats, clinicians, specialist architects and other professionals work alongside consumers and carers to plan services that will be most effective. (Acknowledging that expertise lies not only in professional knowledge and practice but in lived experience is currently seen as innovative but should inevitably become standard procedure as omitting those with practical, pertinent and comprehensive knowledge of the lived experience can only add an important dimension to planning for services in any area.)

Those young people (current and former) and family members who have taken part – and continue to be dedicated to – the process of genuine collaboration have demonstrated a level of commitment that is rare. People whose lives are affected by severe and complex mental health issues find themselves most often in situations where days and nights are to be survived moment by moment; plans are seldom made and often abandoned; and significant trauma, suffering, isolation and emergency management of the effects of illness must be regularly dealt with. And during recovery, the right approach for so many will be to look forward, to put strategies in place to navigate through daily challenges and to resist rumination on issues of anxiety and trauma. So participation in design of future services may be something that could be extremely problematic for the stability of some people’s mental health. There is great understanding throughout the mental health community for all who have suffered to make the right choices that will best support healing and not put mental health at risk and equally, there is deep gratitude for those able to put time and effort into a co-design process, sometimes at personal emotional risk.

And then there are those for whom looking forward provides a view with a void that can’t be filled – the families and communities who have lost loved ones will be experiencing mixed emotions at this announcement. The families of Talieha Nebauer, Will Fowell and Caitlin Wilkinson Whiticker will no doubt be relieved that there continue to be moves to ensure others might not have to suffer the personal tragedies that still shape their lives. Justine Wilkinson, herself a key participant in the co-design process, has told the ABC in relation to the budget commitment (particularly in relation to the continuation of planning for the Chermside AETF):

That’s absolutely fabulous, but this change has to continue, this is just the beginning and it has to be just the beginning. … We need to keep feeding these changes and innovations down the system to pick up young people before they get to that point.

However, we must recognise this news can only be bittersweet for those whose young people did not have the benefit of a government with such a strong commitment to confront youth mental health issues and to listen to those affected to order to provide the needed services. So our thoughts must also be with those whose bereavement continues as we hear this news. We must assure them that we will never fail to remember those who will not have the opportunity to access planned new services and we will continue to support those families for whom an inquest may provide some answers but will inevitably be a traumatic process and will never ever restore what they have lost. Talieha, Will and Caitlin and those that will continue to feel their absence from their lives are always in our thoughts.

The complexity of severe adolescent mental health issues is reflected in the reactions of those with lived experience to this positive budgetary news. There is relief, hope and gratitude but there is also caution and uncertainty from those who have experienced innumerable disappointments and who know that politics can play an inappropriate role in what is necessary in service provision across our communities. And there is renewed reflection on the tragic losses that will continue to impact people’s lives, whatever the future holds.

Severity and complexity in relation to mental health issues is not confined to a small group of young people. It is pervasive. It is challenging. And is a situation that a significant proportion of the population have to live with and that every single one of us must acknowledge.

The support that has been provided to the former Barrett families throughout the community has demonstrated that the capacity to care is our greatest strength. It is the strongest choice that any human being can make and it is undoubtedly the most rewarding. So with, gratitude for all everyone has done to lead us to a day when $70 million is committed to the next generation of Queenslanders, it’s hoped that the future contains not just all the services required but the ongoing support of an impressively caring population.



MAY 29, 2017 by editorsevereyouthmentalhealth

10 months ago, I posted on the BLOG page of – where pieces that have personal perspective, analysis or opinions appear (other posts are News and aim to focus on facts and information about developments etc.). I had been compelled to write about the findings of the Barrett Commission of Inquiry in relation to the transitions of patients.

As independent reviewers undertake a look at the transitions from adolescent to adult mental health services, particularly in relation to those suffering severe and complex mental health issues, I would urge anyone who is unsure of what they can contribute to read that July 2016 post which reflects on how the Barrett families felt in relation to the findings of the BACCOI on transitions.

These families know what needed to be done and what was overlooked and I am confident that they are not the only Queenslanders with this kind of insight.

So now is the time to do whatever you can to share your knowledge and experiences – or encourage others to do so – so that the young people who need the best support, the most carefully planned and gradual transitions and our best efforts in all the services they require on order to finally see a light at the end of the tunnel have access to what will not just improve their lives but, in some cases, save them. NOW IS THE TIME TO SAY WHAT NEEDS TO BE SAID. Through processes that ensure confidentiality but that also will mean that the input given IS ON RECORD and MUST BE TAKEN INTO CONSIDERATION.

If you have an opinion following experience in this area or know someone who has, please do the following yourself or encourage those who have important insights to:

The next few weeks provide key opportunities for those who understand what’s needed to contribute to providing those very things.

On behalf of all Queenslanders who are affected by severe and complex youth mental health issues – now and in the generations to come – I implore you all to give your expert input. From those who have seen the reality to those who can shape the future – the vital passage of ideas is the only way we can get closer to the right support for those who need it the most.



OCTOBER 9, 2016 by editorsevereyouthmentalhealth

It’s Mental Health Week. And in the past, that has meant a lot of awareness-raising, stigma-quashing and acknowledgement of an issue that has for too long been treated like a shameful secret. And that’s all good, useful stuff. But the time has long since passed for more than knowing nods and pleasant words from those with the capacity to DO instead of DISCUSS.

Mental illness needs ACTION. NOW.

Health service providers, governments, mental health commissions/ advocates/ peak bodies and communities must move from rhetoric to establishing equitable service provision immediately. Otherwise how can anyone believe that mental health issues are, in fact, the cruel scourge afflicting millions unfairly as the annual PR tells us? We know they exist. And, thankfully, we now have knowledge of a range of pharmaceutical adjustments, treatment methods and support programs that mean these issues can be addressed. People CAN heal and progress and discover lives without the agony they once believed was infinite. BUT until the money, time and effort allocated to mental health is in line with those physical health issues that have the same level of impact, people affected by mental illness can’t feel as far from personally responsible for their health concerns as those with a blood disease or multiple sclerosis can. The message will remain that they are inferiorWeakMalingerersWasting peoples’ time just because they want attention. And all the other TOTALLY INVALID slurs that add to the demoralising weight of being burdened with mental health issues. Because mental health issues are insidious in far too many unjust ways – one of the most damaging being that, for some reason, they are seen to reflect negatively on a person’s character. A person’s values and beliefs. Their nature, strength, tenacity, personality, fortitude, courage.

And that is so very very wrong. 

Purely because of the mixture of brain chemicals, the genetic recipe courtesy of ancestors or an environment/occurrences in preceding years that are none of an individual’s own doing, a person can have the most debilitating fears, unfathomable mood swings, nightmarish thoughts … things that make their lives a waking hell. And then they are viewed – by themselves as well as others – as not as tough as other people. Not as robust as they could be. Making a fuss over nothing when they could just ‘get on with it’. Being feeble or cowardly when it would just as easy to ‘buck up’ or ‘cheer up’ or ‘don’t worry’. But people with mental health issues are so far from those derogatory perceptions that to experience that belittling is yet another injustice that they are currently forced to suffer. Because the opposite is, in fact, true. To deal with what they deal with AND continue to put everything into living a life takes more courage than any professional sportsperson gifted with talent and praised as a hero could ever muster. Without the burden of the feelings and thoughts that are the direct result of mental illness, many people can move through most of a day with the clarity and capacity to concentrate and apply themselves to overcoming any obstacles that present themselves. BUT …

~ if you woke each morning in a suit of armour lined with cold hard spikes, it would take a huge effort to get out of bed

~ if there was an army of flesh-chewing insects flicking and scratching under all the skin across your entire body, you’d feel agitated and irritable and resistant to going out to ‘have some fun’

~ if you knew logically that the dank dark cloud surrounding you and seeping into every pore was just a feeling and that it wasn’t slowly poisoning you but you still felt as if every cell had the cold chill of death invading it, you might not be up for a sunny barbeque.

And you could be as disparaging about yourself as others might be. Because you knew what was real and what wasn’t and you still felt as if you were dying through every long second. And that’s just clinical depression. The showbag of mental illness has many more offerings to bestow on the unlucky people who are handed that prize in the lottery of life.

If you have been diagnosed with cancer, I’m not saying it’s not a cruel hand to be dealt. It is. Absolutely. But more often than not, you are supported. Your ‘battle’ with the disease is seen as courageous and your character isn’t directly linked to what you’re able to do and not do because of your symptoms. A person with a mental health issue is battling not just with their illness and with others’ assumptions but their own intolerance at their personal inability to ‘be like everyone else’. They see people out in world working, talking, smiling, doing and know that it would be like dragging their body through scalding treacle for them to try and do those simple things. And they flagellate themselves for their [inaccurate] view of their own frailty. [Because that self-hatred is all part of the mental illness too!] They feel worthless and useless and incapable. When, in fact, they are doing the equivalent of running marathons and climbing mountains by getting up and making breakfast or trying to go for a walk.

So, you see, this mental health thing is a tormentor. And it’s affecting our population in pandemic proportions. And it doesn’t need to be. Because some very dedicated people have found ways to counter the insidious creep of mental illness. BUT far too many people with mental health issues are unable to access the most effective treatment for their needs. When Medicare allows only 10 visits to a psychologist but “there’s no ten session rule for people with physical illness” (Patrick McGorry, 9 June 2016), there is a clear disparity in the way governments view mental health vs. physical health. When suicidal young people continue to be turned away from hospital emergency departments by scornful judgements that attention-seeking is a prank played by stable teenagers, there is an ignorance that must be immediately addressed in our health practitioners as well as in the general populace. And as long as there are deficits in budgets, attitudes and services, what can those personally dealing with mental health issues take from that? Those who already hate themselves because of a fear they don’t understand, thoughts or behaviours they can’t control and that chip away at their psyche, simply get reinforcement. That they’re worth less. WorthlessAND THAT IS JUST PLAIN WRONG. Because – I can’t state this often enough – a mental illness is no reflection on the character of the person suffering. It does not make them weak. Or a freak. Or bad. It’s as much their fault as spina bifida is the fault of a newborn whose spinal cord isn’t fully enclosed. So when people with mental health issues use every ounce of persistence, stamina and courage to counter the debilitating effects of their health issues, to seek help in confronting the nightmares that afflict them, they are the most admirable people. In that way, their character is clearly evident. They are the strongest, bravest human beings you could encounter. To do something you enjoy and have aptitude for with no obstructions is easy. To do something you fear when your own brain is scorching you with resistance and your body is dragging snarling weights or shredding your nerves into shards takes the greatest strength, willpower and courage.

So people who have the misfortune of genetics, chemical make-up or circumstance to be dealing with mental health issues deserve our best support. And that means our compassion and assistance BUT it also has to mean a more tangible demonstration of understanding. HEALTH SERVICE PROVIDERS MUST PUT THE MONEY, EXPERTISE AND TIME NEEDED INTO DEVELOPING AND PROVIDING A FULL AND WIDELY ACCESSIBLE RANGE OF SERVICES TO ASSIST WITH EVERY KIND OF CHALLENGE THAT EXISTS IN MENTAL HEALTH. This means:
  • complete system with options for those with prevalent conditions and for those with complex, severe and atypical diagnoses
  • treatment options that are regionally accessible; that meet the needs of people at every age (according to maturation and development not purely chronology), in all types of domestic situations and with a wide range of obligations, responsibilities and challenges
  • there must be effective communication links between programs, facilities and treatment options to facilitate collaboration amongst professionals so that they comprise one functioning multidisciplinary team and
  • there must be clear pathways between services to allow stable transitions by patients whose needs change
  • all general practitioners and emergency department staff must be provided with ongoing education to become more aware of all the issues, the services available and the appropriate ways to respond in a range of situations.

All this happens in relation to treatment for physical health issues. So it can happen for mental health issues.

IT IS OVERDUE THAT MENTAL HEALTH IS UNANIMOUSLY ACKNOWLEDGED AS AN ISSUE OF THE HIGHEST PRIORITY. And the impacts on the lives of hundreds of thousands of Australians is too damaging to ignore any longer.

In Australia during 2013–14, $6,639 per person was spent on health services. Only $344 of that was on mental health-related services.

$1 billion more was spent on oral health ($7.1 billion) than on mental disorders ($6.1 billion) in 2008–09. No one is saying that flossing isn’t important. But when around 60,000 Australians try to end their lives each year and 1 in 5 Australians experience a mental illness within a 12-month periodwe need to have a much more proactive, equitable approach to dealing with mental health issues.

And if the focus can’t be driven by a compassionate, empathic approach to our fellow humans OR a sense of the obligation of those privileged by nothing more than luck to not be personally affected by mental health issues, perhaps those with the power to do something might look up from their financial statements if they registered that major depression accounts for more days lost to illness than almost any other physical or mental disorder. One person’s suffering is personal torturestress and trauma for a family; and challenge and despair for friends and colleagues. One in five people affected incapacitates communities.

So in Mental Health Week, let’s demand of our governments, our futurists and planners and all our health organisations that they move the talking about mental health to ACTIONThey must step up and move from RU OK? to which of our range of programs/services/support mechanisms will help U the best?

What better to invest in than in people’s mental health??

What better to take up our energies and our time than in ensuring lives that are hell move towards a more earthly existence?

The only thing that’s ‘weak’ about mental health is the response to date of those in a position to ensure that support for those affected is the priority it needs to be.


So please

This week, WRITE TO YOUR FEDERAL AND STATE POLITICIANS and tell them that mental health is a priority and it’s time to match the words with dollars and actionImmediately.

DEMAND MORE of your Mental Health Commissions, your private service providers and the attitudes of anyone you encounter who remains ignorant about mental health issues.

And …

Those who this week are trying things that intimidate or overwhelm them …
Those dealing constructively with the uninvited burdens that plague them…
Those taking steps to move through fear, dread, torment and the physical impacts of all those things.
Every single one of you has our admiration.

And know that we will continue to fight to ensure that the support available reflects how genuinely IMPORTANT you are.




AN INQUEST … families still waiting

Talieha Nebauer passed away in April 2014
Will Fowell died in June 2014 and
Caitlin Wilkinson Whiticker took her life in August 2014

Two of those young people were in the care of the state when they took the actions that would end their lives. The other was living with family who had no access to any information on that young person’s treatment plan or assigned clinicians; state of mind and attendance at sessions; or the appropriate behaviour and support to be adopted by those close to her.

Prior to the closure of the Barrett Centre, families had the security of knowing that their loved ones were so well supervised that they would be safe from the fatal outcomes that their mental health issues could lead them towards. They knew that they were in an environment where they were surrounded by friends who’d look after them, who’d demonstrated the kind of caring that would at least help to nullify the feelings of isolation that had previously plagued them. And, for many, there was the hope that long-awaited progress brings – that one day, they would be leading independent lives in the community with all that things that that entails – study, work, social activities, sport, relationships, a family of their own …

but that ended as the turbulent years of uncertainty and decline led to the disintegration of that understanding community. Young people found themselves in unfamiliar places, sometimes surrounded by adult patients and expected to bear the burden of levels of self-sufficiency that they had no experience with; or living in the community and wielding the rights and authority of adulthood without the maturity or capacity to have such a huge responsibility.

April, June, August 2014.

And still no answers for their families. 

The Barrett Adolescent Centre Commission of Inquiry’s parameters reached to only to one month after patients’ transitioned to new services so, as noted in the Adequate Transitions?’ post, the Commissioner indicated that the immediate and root causes of the deaths of the three former Barrett patients are “matters for the Coroner”.

BUT currently the position of the Coroner’s office is that the Deputy State Coroner is still investigating and is yet to make a final decision about whether an inquest is warrantedIf it is finally determined appropriate to proceed with an inquest, families have been told that it will not be held this year.

It would seem, though, that, based on evidence and information that has long been available, the Coroner’s office could at least confirm that an inquest will go ahead.

This Factsheet from the Queensland Courts website indicates that an inquest will be held “if it is in the public interest” e.g.

  • there is significant doubt about the cause and circumstances of death

  • it may help to prevent future deaths or uncover systemic issues which affect public health and safety. 

And this document outlining the reasons for investigating ‘Deaths in Care’ (which summarises the detail in the State Coroner’s Guidelines) clearly states that “An inquest must be held for deaths in care if the circumstances of the case raise issues about the care that was provided to the deceased person.”

The Coroner’s Act also states that once an application for an inquest is received from a family outlining why it is in the public interest for an inquest to be held (in the case of the deaths of Talieha, Will and Caitlin, there were a number of submissions in 2014 to the Coroner from those within the Barrett community as well as from the families of the young people themselves), the Coroner must make a decision

(a) 6 months after the coroner receives the application; or

(b) the longer period the coroner considers necessary to enable the coroner to obtain relevant information for making the decision.

s30(9) p43

In this case, the Coroner has extended that 6 months due to the holding of the Commission of Inquiry.

But, irrespective of the information to be gained from the evidence given to the Inquiry about the period that ends one month post-transition, it would seem that a number of the factors/circumstances in the deaths of these young people would immediately warrant a decisive announcement from the Coroner on the need for an inquest. The Inquiry into the closure might ADD to those reasons and provide detail to be considered during inquest proceedings but …

  • three young people were in circumstances where they had the motivation and opportunity to end their lives when prior to the closure of the centre where they had received the care that prevented such actions, they were safe, secure and, in some cases, making the progress that would allow them to lead productive, independent adult lives;
  • two of those young people were in the care of government services where the high risk of suicide was known;
  • families and professional experts believe that the closure of the centre where the three were previously accommodated was a factor in the three suicides – because the process had been so destabilising and transitions had been problematic AND because it meant the lack of a statewide service that had proven to be the only treatment option that had a chance of being effective for these young people as well as those with similar levels of severity and complexity.

It would seem very clear that this is in the public interest. Apart from the fact that families remain in limbo about what happened to their children, an inquest would seem the only way to not just examine what occurred but to facilitate recommendations that would ensure such preventable tragedies can’t be repeated. An inquest could lead to referral to other agencies if there’s a need to investigate possible misconduct or if the coroner’s concerns indicate a need for the quality of health care to be considered by a particular regulatory body.

So, confirmation of an inquest seems warranted.

Certainty of some kind is definitely needed. 

With the years of waiting and the months of enduring the rigours of an Inquiry where the trauma of each young person was laid out (a closed court might mean the wider public do not hear the details but family members sat with 3 or 4 rows of legal representatives for the various HHSs, senior bureaucrats and others while the pain of their children’s history was scrutinised), more waiting just to know IF there will be an inquest must seem intolerable to those whose losses impact their lives daily.

They know their children can’t come back.
But don’t they deserve to know why?
Don’t they deserve to at least know that someone sometime will be asking the appropriate people the right questions to find out why?

Don’t the people of Queensland need to know what went so wrong with the care that  should have kept these young people safe and enabled them to make progress in order to ensure that it won’t happen again to anyone else?
Don’t the young people of Queensland deserve to have all the healthcare services that will keep them alive and give them the best chance at a good life because the system has been developed to include services, approaches and attitudes that have been informed by the mistakes and tragedies of the past?

If we can’t learn from what happened, then the losses are even greater.

So … if you believe that an inquest is in the public interest, you can:
Contact the Queensland State Coroner at or
write to: Qld State Coroner, Dept of Justice & Attorney-General, Level 1, Brisbane Magistrates Court, 363 George Street, Brisbane QLD 4000

The families need to know.
The people of Queensland who’ll need healthcare in the future need to know.
But to start with, they just need to know that there’ll BE an inquest.
We hope the waiting can end soon.


“Adequate” transitions?

The families of the young people transitioned from the Barrett Centre to facilitate its closure are understandably disturbed by the finding of the Commission of Inquiry that “Overall, the Commission has determined that the transition arrangements for the 17 transition clients were adequate.” That is one sentence in a report of which the first volume alone is 665 pages. But it means a lot when you have lived with the regression, deterioration, and most tragically, the death of the young person you love following that transition. However, the hundreds of pages of definitions, constraints and considerations that surround that sentence show that it might not be exactly what it appears to be when extracted and interpreted in isolation.

Firstly, it should be noted that the finding of ‘adequate transitions’ clearly state that it is “overall. So it’s very possible that within the specifics of decisions made and actions taken, that there were steps that weren’t adequate. Volume 2 of the report is, rightly, restricted but individual families should be able to discuss their particular situation with government representatives in the near future.

The report also states that “The Commission finds that the care, support and services provided to several transition clients were not ideal” and “that systemic problems affected the transition arrangements for and the care, support and services available to some of the transition clients.” So ‘overall … adequate’ is far from perfect. Or even ‘good’.

It’s important, too, to note that the report is based on information provided that falls within the parameters of the Commission’s Terms of Reference – anything outside those Terms was not considered. In addition, the report indicates that not all former patients provided evidence – for so many, to relive their trauma would have been too detrimental to their health and it’s totally understandable that they had to do what was right for their personal health and safety. (I think everyone is glad that they took the right steps to ensure stability in their health and fully supports them in doing so.)

We should also probably consider that the Commission of Inquiry wasn’t looking at the full picture that families can see. They can’t see a young person now isolating themselves when in visits home during their time at Barrett they had begun to socially engage. The Commission didn’t hear anything of the personal circumstances of young people’s day-to-day existence as weeks passed and fresh challenges were presented in the adult services they were transitioned to. They learnt nothing of how it felt once all the logistical things were settled and a teenager was left to deal with a new environment, new people, new responsibilities … and then, if they managed to navigate the first few months, reacting to the suicides of three friends. Three people who were more like them than anyone else in this new world they’d been pushed into. Because the Commission of Inquiry had clear, legal parameters. It had time constraints and theoretical definitions that restricted its examinations. So what it views as “transition” and “adequate” only applies to a very specific time period and a very specific set of circumstances.


After multiple submissions from the legal representatives of various parties, the Commission concluded that “‘adequate’ in this term of reference means ‘sufficient’ or ‘satisfactory’ in the circumstances of the impending closure.” So … bearing in mind that they were operating in an environment where an artificial deadline forced the transfer of patients from a closing facility that was the only one of its kind in the state TO services that did not match the need of the patient, the Commission has concluded that those responsible for the transitions did what was ‘sufficient’. Viewed in that light, it’s not a glowing assessment.


The Commission also had to restrict its investigations to within a limited time period – with having only a certain number of weeks to complete its work, it couldn’t look at what happened with Barrett patients over months and years. So it had to define what was meant by “transition” in relation to the Inquiry. So –

“the Commission determined that generally a transition in association with the closure ended about a month after the transition client’s discharge from the BAC. This temporal limitation meant that the Commission’s factual inquiry started at the beginning of the transition and ended around one month after the transition client’s discharge from the BAC. The Commission’s terms of reference, and its factual inquiry, do not extend to a consideration of the following matters: 

  • the immediate cause or root causes of the deaths of the three young people who died in 2014 who had formerly been patients of the BAC 
  • whether those deaths were caused by or contributed to or affected by the closure of the BAC in early 2014 
  • whether those deaths were caused by or contributed to or affected by the transition arrangements or the adequacy of care provided by the various receiving services.

Those are matters for the Coroner.”      (p 398)

So an ‘adequate transition’ was, we hope, never intended to describe the circumstances surrounding the tragic loss of three young people. Nor even the ongoing outcomes of the post-Barrett treatment and accommodation for any of the former patients.

“Under term of reference 3(d)(i), the Commission is required to make a factual inquiry as to the transition arrangements for each of the transition clients. This means examining how the care, how the support, how the service quality and how the safety risks were identified, assessed, planned for, managed and implemented for each of the transition clients before and after the closure. This inquiry focuses on the process underlying each transition client’s movement to alternative care. It includes consideration of the transition plan prepared for that transition client and how a receiving service was identified, both as the type of service and as having the capacity required for that transition client. It does not extend to the clinical outcomes, quality or efficacy of the treatment at the alternative care service once the transition process was complete.” (p343)

So, not vastly different from the “Report: Transitional Care for Adolescent Patients of the Barrett Adolescent Centre” under former Health Director-General Ian Maynard, this was an examination where much of the focus was on how those planning for the transition of patients went about their duties. And it took into account the environment they were doing so in i.e. one where “by November 2013, it was unanimously understood that none of the replacement services would be available when the BAC closed.” And where some questioned whether that full suite of services did, in fact, cater for those young people for whom Barrett had been a ‘last resort’.

A Commission of Inquiry is probably rarely able to achieve everything that those so seriously affected by the issue under investigation would want. There are costs and time constraints and legal considerations. But it’s hoped that the people – the human beings – whose lives have been irreparably damaged might come through the Inquiry experience with some kind of foundation on which to seek the outcomes they need. There will be a Coroner’s Inquest into the deaths of Talieha Nebauer, William Fowell and Caitlin Wilkinson-Whiticker
The government has indicated a commitment to meet with families of former Barrett patients to discuss their personal circumstances and to collaborate on developing a new facility.
And, the silence that represented the ignorance of most of us to the plight of these families, these young people whose bravery and strength and loyalty is unmatched, which was replaced by a consistent murmur and than some determined calls for understanding and compassion and support has ultimately grown in some to a contained inner roar. That reminds us that will we do whatever we can to make the real voices heard. And to make the right people listen.

So it isn’t over. And it certainly isn’t adequate. And while we can move forward in many ways, we are always with those who won’t be able to forget the Barrett closure. So neither will we.


2016 Mental Health Policy: M.I.A

When Professor Pat McGorry (Executive Director, Orygen, The National Centre of Excellence in Youth Mental Health and former Australian of the Year) addressed the National Press Club in the lead-up to the election with a presentation asserting that our governments have been Missing in Action, we would have expected that our politicians would respond immediately. Not just to redress the gaping hole in campaigning that has been the discussion on mental ill-health, but to commit to rectify the horrendous disparity between mental healthcare and medical healthcare policies, funding and services.

Currently 7% of the federal health budget is assigned to mental health but mental illness makes up 13.6% of Australia’s total burden of disease.

How can an issue that affects everyone, weakens the economy … and is the best value for money across the whole of the healthcare system – that’s what the World Economic Forum tells us (OECD), one where Australian science and innovation has brought dramatic progress within reach and one that’s been at the absolute forefront of public discourse and election commitments at every single election over the last decade – how could it have disappeared from view?

Professor Patrick McGorry

Mental health issues create one of the major drains on the Australian population. There are 12,000 deaths a year in this country attributable to mental illness and countless lives in states from impairment to purgatory due to issues that are treatable – to the point of substantial recovery or lifetime management.

But, until yesterday’s Labor campaign launch, there has been only silence. And Bill Shorten’s announcement that Labor would fund suicide prevention projects and keep Headspace centres open is nowhere near enough when any government should be doubling its investment in mental healthcare.

The need is glaring. The expertise exists. But our politicians can’t find the money, the compassion – or the votes – to commit to doing what can be done to save thousands of Australian lives.

It’s been 10 days since Professor McGorry’s call to action and our Prime Minister has found all sorts to talk about during that time. He has found money for baseball parks, roads and business startups. But nothing to address the chasm that is mental healthcare in Australia. And in the Opposition Leader’s raft of promises, mental health rates only a brief mention. Mr Turnbull visited a Headspace centre in his own electorate – but did he take the opportunity to announce a long overdue turnaround in government support for this area of such desperate need? No. In fact, yesterday the Daily Telegraph reported that: Life-saving youth mental health services are being quietly dismantled by the Turnbull Government, leaving thousands of teenagers at greater risk of suicide. Those very Headspace centres that our PM strolled through on his way to announce funding for upgrading the Puffing Billy tourist train are now at risk as PHNs take over funding responsibility and Headspace’s national office budget will fall from $19 million to $8 million per annum next year, and $5 million the following year under the coalition.

It’s not like there haven’t been periods of public discourse about mental illness in recent years – statements about overcoming the stigma (an important goal) are quite regular. But when a government says there should be a parity of understanding and yet declines to match those words with servicesprograms and funding, how can anyone expect mental illness to be seen as anything other than something to be swept under the carpet? Such a huge part of mental ill-health is shame, self-loathing and then social isolation. If any one of our politicians felt a fragment of what someone with a mental health condition feels – or had a family member enduring the torment of mental illness – they would do whatever needed to be done to combat this plague.

But they are worse than silent. They make gestures. And gestures are what people do to those they want to go away.

In his Press Club address, Professor McGorry urged us to demand more of our politicians as they attempt to win us over with electioneering i.e.




All I would add would be to use your voice for more than just voting. …

Now is the time to SPEAK OUT


Then “use your voice” …

– with your friends and communities, in your workplaces and social activities. And when you do, remember that you’re doing what so many will mental health issues can’t do. You’re going where they can’t go. So make the most of what you have to bring an end to the isolation that others are experiencing.

– take to social media to demand all our politicians commit to expanding Headspace – including the Early Psychosis Programs, commit decisively to redressing the mental healthcare funding inequity with greater investment in programs that work so that more Australians can have access to treatment that can change their lives and those of their families.

If you don’t tell your candidates and the party leaders what you expect, how will they ever know? And if you don’t get the response you think the Australian people deserve, use your vote to reflect your dissatisfaction. Now is the time to use your voice and encourage all your friends, colleagues, Facebook and Twitter followers to do the same.

To take this stand is something to be proud of in an Australia where the politicians’ attitude to mental healthcare is a national disgrace. If we don’t stand up now, who knows what – or who – will be gone tomorrow.